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Architectural Drafting

Entry Level Assessment Blueprint

Specific Competencies and Skills Tested in this Assessment:

Preparing to Draw

  • Identify drafting tools, materials, and equipment (including CAD)
  • Identify and select paper sizes/types, and determine scale and layout
  • Identify various line types

Geometric Construction

  • Construct and manipulate geometric elements
  • Construct and manipulate lines, arcs, and angles

Applied Mathematics

  • Demonstrate knowledge of basic mathematical operations
  • Perform calculations involving fractions, decimals, and percents
  • Demonstrate knowledge of geometry
  • Demonstrate knowledge of trigonometry with respect to pitch, rise, and run
  • Calculate measures, area, and volume
  • Convert scales

Drawing Techniques – Supplementary Views

  • Identify pictorial drawings (i.e., perspective)
  • Demonstrate knowledge of schematic drawings
  • Demonstrate knowledge of orthographic drawings
  • Place dimensions and notes


  • Examine space relationships
  • Identify types of house design (e.g., duplex, split level, ranch)
  • Determine client needs
  • Identify common construction material, properties, and use

Architectural Drawing Types

  • Identify architectural terms and symbols
  • Identify and develop roof styles
  • Identify and develop floor plans
  • Develop basement and foundation plans
  • Identify kitchen and bath arrangements
  • Develop interior and exterior elevations
  • Develop a wall and a building section
  • Draw architectural details

Site Plans

  • Draw and dimension site plans
  • Interpret landscape plans
  • Interpret contours and topographical profiles
  • Identify setbacks and easements
  • Identify above- and below-ground utilities

Structural Drawings

  • Draw structural details
  • Identify framing and structural components

Mechanical and Electrical Systems

  • Identify electrical terms, symbols, and components
  • Identify plumbing terms, symbols, and components

Supplemental Drafting Activities

  • Draw cover sheet and title block information
  • Develop schedules
  • Describe responsibilities of related parties (e.g., design professional, contractor)  
  • Identify basic ADA accessibility compliance regulations
  • Recognize ordinances and local building codes

Sustainable Architecture and Design

  • Identify various raring systems (i.e., LEED, R-Value)
  • Recognize recyclable and “green” building materials and systems
  • Identify various sustainable design systems
  • Utilize site for solar/environmental considerations


Written Assessment:

Administration Time: 3 hours

Number of Questions: 152

Areas Covered:

Preparing to Draw: 8%

Geometric Construction: 4%

Applied Mathematics: 16%

Drawing Techniques – Supplementary Views: 9%

Planning: 8%

Architectural Drawing Types: 18%

Site Plans: 11%

Structural Drawings: 8%

Mechanical and Electrical Systems: 4%

Supplemental Drafting Activities: 10%

Sustainable Architecture and Design: 4%

Sample Questions:

Bisecting a line creates a second line that is ______ to the original line.
A. parallel
B. tangent
C. perpendicular
D. horizontal

What is the minimum landing depth required for an entrance door to meet ADA regulations?
A. 24 inches
B. 36 inches
C. 48 inches
D. 60 inches

A landscape plan uses much of the same information as a _____ plan.
A. structural
B. plumbing
C. plot
D. floor

In a right triangle, the tangent of an acute angle is equal to the
A. opposite side divided by the hypotenuse
B. adjacent side divided by the hypotenuse
C. adjacent side divided by the opposite side
D. opposite side divided by the adjacent side

Where can detailed information for windows and doors be found?
A. Bill of Material
B. rendering
C. schedules
D. compass rose


Performance Assessment:

Administration Time: 4 hours  and 15 minutes

Number of Jobs: 3

Areas Covered:

17% Construction Components
Participant will match the number in the diagram of construction components with corresponding term.

53% Kitchen and Bathroom Floor Plan
Participant will create the correct drawing of the kitchen and bath layout, sheet size, line work, dimensions, and notes.

30% Front Elevation
Participant will create a front elevation using a plan view and wall section to a correct scale and present final project in digital or hard copy format.

Sample Job: Kitchen and Bath Floor Plan

Maximum Time: 1 hour and 30 minutes

Participant Activity: Each participant will redraw the kitchen/bath plan according to specifications. The final project will be presented in digital or hard copy format.