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Collision Repair and Refinishing Technology

Entry Level Assessment Blueprint

Specific Competencies and Skills Tested in this Assessment:


• Demonstrate knowledge of safety and environmental requirements in the collision repair industry
• Demonstrate appropriate care and maintenance of shop tools and equipment
• Identify proper safety techniques for the use of shop equipment, including PPE

Business Fundamentals

• Apply basic business practices within the collision repair industry, including estimating
• Identify employability skills within the collision repair industry

MIG/GMAW (Metal Inert Gas/Gas Metal Arc Welding) and STRSW (Squeeze-Type Resistance Spot Welding)

• Demonstrate vehicle protection procedures
• Describe various cutting and weld removal processes
• Describe and differentiate various types and uses of welding processes
• Replace and/or repair structural components


• Select, set up, and utilize manual measuring systems
• Select, set up, and utilize computerized measuring systems
• Demonstrate setup and operation of various pulling systems
• Diagnose primary and secondary structural damage
• Demonstrate knowledge of working with high strength steel


• Identify automotive plastics and proper repair procedures
• Diagnose primary and secondary non-structural damage
• Demonstrate knowledge of movable and stationary glass
• Utilize basic corrosion protection procedures
• Use adhesive bonding procedures
• Remove and replace automotive trim
• Remove, install, replace, align, or repair non-structural panels
• Remove, install, and replace ancillary components (e.g., headlamps, under-hood fuse boxes, etc.)

Mechanical and Electrical Systems

• Identify basic steering and suspension components (e.g., tie rod ends, ball joints, steering racks, etc.)
• Identify how collision damage affects basic suspension geometry
• Verify functions of electrical system and basic wiring repair (e.g., soldering, quick connectors, etc.)
• Perform basic mechanical and electrical diagnostic operations

Painting and Refinishing

• Identify painting and refinishing safety and environmental requirements
• Identify and demonstrate surface preparation techniques
• Identify and demonstrate paint materials preparation techniques • Identify causes and remedies for paint defects
• Identify and demonstrate paint materials application techniques

Written Assessment:

Administration Time: 3 hours
Number of Questions: 188

Areas Covered

11% Safety/Environmental

8% Business Fundamentals


13% Structural

23% Non-Structural

17% Mechanical and Electrical Systems

15% Painting and Refinishing

Sample Questions:

To avoid burns, use caution when opening the
A. radiator cap
B. gas cap
C. brake fluid reservoir
D. washer reservoir

The term “R & I” means A. remove and inspect
B. replace and install
C. remove and install
D. repair and install

To flatten MIG/GMAW welding bead,
A. increase the wire speed
B. increase the voltage
C. change the gas setting
D. change the ground

Unibody vehicles seldom incur _____ damage.
A. diamond
B. twist
C. sag
D. side sway

Air bag deployment is considered _____ damage.
A. primary
B. secondary
C. inertia
D. unibody

The _____ arm is attached to the steering box.
A. radius
B. pitman
C. control
D. idler

A dual-action slander is used to
A. smooth welds
B. feather or remove paint
C. form ridges
D. smooth out plastic body filler

Which class of fire involves flammable liquids?
A. Class A
B. Class B
C. Class C
D. Class D

Insufficient shielding gas flow can cause
A. excessive penetration
B. low weld bead
C. porosity
D. density

Apply weld-through primers
A. before welding
B. after painting
C. after welding
D. before painting

Performance Assessment:

Administration Time: 3 hours
Number of Jobs: 4

Areas Covered:

33% Welding
Participant will safely adjust the welder, lap weld in a horizontal position, butt weld horizontal with backing, horizontal plug weld, and shut down the welder.

28% Sheet Metal Repair
Participant will safely clean the panel, straighten the damaged area, prepare the panel for filler, mix and apply filler, and sand and shape filler.

17% Door Striker Adjustment
Participant will safely adjust the striker and door depth using OEM specifications.

22% Refinishing
Participant will safely clean panel, use the tack rag, apply a base coat, and apply clear coat.

Sample Job: Sheet Metal Repair
Maximum Time: 1 hour
Participant Activity: First, clean the panel to see what exactly is damaged. Straighten the damaged area and prepare the panel for filler. Next, mix and apply body filler. Once dry, sand and shape the panel.