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Early Childhood Education and Care–Advanced

Entry Level Assessment Blueprint

Specific Competencies and Skills Tested in this Assessment:

Health and Safety

  • Identify safety hazards in and around the child care setting
  • Identify characteristics of common childhood diseases
  • Describe universal precautions/infection control
  • Explain rest and relaxation techniques
  • Explain the importance of nutritionally balanced meals and snacks
  • Identify indicators and reporting procedures involving child abuse/neglect


Cognitive Development

  • Explain cognitive development stages and how they correlate to social, emotional, and physical development
  • Give examples of cognitive development
  • Describe equipment that promotes cognitive development
  • List learning opportunities and conditions that develop creative/critical thinking
  • Recognize the factors that impact brain development


Language Development and Communication

  • Describe the stages of language development
  • Describe strategies to encourage expressive and receptive language
  • List materials that encourage and support literacy skills
  • Demonstrate effective literacy strategies
  • List various methods of story presentation
  • Describe the factors affecting language development


Physical Development

  • Explain the stages of fine and gross motor development
  • Recognize the factors that impact physical development
  • Describe strategies and conditions that encourage physical development
  • Select age-appropriate indoor and outdoor play equipment for physical development
  • Describe the effects of play on children’s physical development
  • Explain how physical development correlates to social, emotional, and cognitive development

Social and Emotional Development

  • Discuss teaching techniques that encourage the development of a positive self-concept
  • Describe the stages of social and emotional development of children
  • Recognize the factors that impact social and emotional development
  • Discuss caregiving techniques that develop social skills
  • Identify positive techniques for conflict resolution and mediation
  • List strategies to promote self-help skills


Community and Family Relationships

  • Describe the importance of cooperative relationships with families
  • Identify methods of family involvement
  • Describe the components of effective school and home communication



Observation, Documentation, and Assessment

  • List observation purposes and techniques
  • Observe and record children’s developmental learning
  • Communicate and interpret observation results



  • Identify career-related skills and employment opportunities
  • Identify resources for professional development
  • Recognize the need for self-assessment for continued professional growth
  • Explain the role of a child advocate
  • Identify the importance and legal mandates of confidentiality
  • Exhibit appropriate characteristics in an educational team setting
  • Apply the NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct to professional practices


Classroom Organization and Arrangement

  • Arrange age-appropriate classroom environment
  • Prepare and maintain materials and equipment storage
  • Identify characteristics of a balanced daily schedule
  • Implement developmentally appropriate activities
  • Describe a variety of transition-time activities
  • Demonstrate awareness of licensing laws and regulations
  • Identify recordkeeping and clerical functions in a child care setting



  • List strategies for facilitating and displaying/presenting creative products
  • Identify appropriate materials and equipment that encourage creative development
  • Explain sensory activities and supporting materials


Diversity in the Classroom

  • Identify components of a diverse/multicultural curriculum
  • Describe ways to incorporate children’s home language and traditions


Inclusion of Children with Special Needs

  • Identify concerns and basic rights of special needs children
  • Describe how to adapt the learning environment to accommodate special needs 
  • Identify various forms of communication


Positive Guidance Techniques and Reinforcement

  • Demonstrate positive adult-child communication
  • Identify positive guidance techniques
  • Describe how rules and supervision should be set and managed


Written Assessment:

Administration Time: 3 hours   

Number of Questions: 193


Areas Covered:

Health and Safety: 10%

Cognitive Development: 12%

Language Development and Communication: 10%

Physical Development: 9%

Social and Emotional Development: 9%

Community and Family Relationships: 4%

Observation, Documentation and Assessment: 6%

Professionalism: 9%

Classroom Organizational Arrangement: 12%

Creativity: 5%

Diversity in the Classroom: 4%

Inclusion of Children with Special Needs: 5%

Positive Guidance Techniques and Reinforcement: 5%


Sample Questions: 

The best food sources of iron are 

  1. red meats, fortified breads, and cereals 
  2. milk 
  3. fruits and vegetables 
  4. snack foods 


In an area where 90 percent of the population is below the national poverty level, which of Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs must be attended to first?  

  1. status  
  2. self-actualization 
  3. physiological  
  4. aesthetic  


Regardless of the language or dialect spoken, a child must attain competency in semantics, syntax, pragmatics, and _____ for language development.  

  1. phonology  
  2. ecology  
  3. neurology  
  4. mythology  


Playing next to each other without interaction is an example of _____ play.  

  1. solitary 
  2. parallel 
  3. cooperative 
  4. associative 


A caregiver should be concerned if a child 

  1. is unable to stand alone by the age of 7 months 
  2. cannot speak complete sentences by 15 months 
  3. does not react to his/her own name by the age of 1 year 
  4. does not learn to read by the age of 3 years   

Performance Assessment:

Administration Time: 2 hours and 55 minutes

Number of Jobs: 3  


Areas Covered:

18% Curriculum Planning  

Completion of Curriculum Web form, completion of Small Group Lesson Plan, and time to complete Job 1.  


50% Small Group Teaching 

Developmental appropriateness of lesson plan, introduction and summary of the lesson, professional appearance and demeanor, implementation of lesson plan, teacher-child interaction, and time to complete Job 2.  


32% Arrange a Room  

Traffic patterns, room arrangement, quality of graphic, and time to complete Job 3.  

Sample Job:

Small Group Teaching 

Maximum Job Time:   25 minutes 

Participant Activity: Using a provided copy of the Small Group Lesson Plan, the

participant will direct and supervise the activity with a group of preschool children.