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Early Childhood Education and Care – Basic

Entry Level Assessment Blueprint

Specific Competencies and Skills Tested in this Assessment:

Health and Safety

  • Identify safety hazards in and around the child care setting
  • Identify characteristics of common childhood diseases
  • Describe universal precautions/infection control
  • Explain rest and relaxation techniques
  • Explain the importance of nutritionally balanced meals and snacks
  • Identify indicators and reporting procedures involving child abuse/neglect


Cognitive Development

  • Explain cognitive development stages and how they correlate to social, emotional, and physical development
  • Give examples of cognitive development
  • Describe equipment that promotes cognitive development
  • List learning opportunities and conditions that develop creative/critical thinking
  • Recognize the factors that impact brain development


Language Development and Communication

  • Describe the stages of language development
  • Describe strategies to encourage expressive and receptive language
  • List materials that encourage and support literacy skills
  • Demonstrate effective literacy strategies
  • List various methods of story presentation
  • Describe the factors affecting language development


Physical Development

  • Explain the stages of fine and gross motor development
  • Recognize the factors that impact physical development
  • Describe strategies and conditions that encourage physical development
  • Select age-appropriate indoor and outdoor play equipment for physical development
  • Describe the effects of play on children’s physical development
  • Explain how physical development correlates to social, emotional, and cognitive development

Social and Emotional Development

  • Discuss teaching techniques that encourage the development of a positive self-concept
  • Describe the stages of social and emotional development of children
  • Recognize the factors that impact social and emotional development
  • Discuss caregiving techniques that develop social skills
  • Identify positive techniques for conflict resolution and mediation
  • List strategies to promote self-help skills


Community and Family Relationships

  • Describe the importance of cooperative relationships with families
  • Identify methods of family involvement
  • Describe the components of effective school and home communication


Observation, Documentation, and Assessment

  • List observation purposes and techniques
  • Observe and record children’s developmental learning
  • Communicate and interpret observation results



  • Identify career-related skills and employment opportunities
  • Identify resources for professional development
  • Recognize the need for self-assessment for continued professional growth
  • Explain the role of a child advocate
  • Identify the importance and legal mandates of confidentiality
  • Exhibit appropriate characteristics in an educational team setting
  • Apply the NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct to professional practices


Classroom Organization and Arrangement

  • Arrange age-appropriate classroom environment
  • Prepare and maintain materials and equipment storage
  • Identify characteristics of a balanced daily schedule
  • Implement developmentally appropriate activities
  • Describe a variety of transition-time activities
  • Demonstrate awareness of licensing laws and regulations
  • Identify recordkeeping and clerical functions in a child care setting



  • List strategies for facilitating and displaying/presenting creative products
  • Identify appropriate materials and equipment that encourage creative development
  • Explain sensory activities and supporting materials


Diversity in the Classroom

  • Identify components of a diverse/multicultural curriculum
  • Describe ways to incorporate children’s home language and traditions


Inclusion of Children with Special Needs

  • Identify concerns and basic rights of special needs children
  • Describe how to adapt the learning environment to accommodate special needs


Positive Guidance Techniques and Reinforcement

  • Demonstrate positive adult-child communication
  • Identify positive guidance techniques
  • Describe how rules and supervision should be set and managed


Written Assessment:

Administration Time: 3 hours   

Number of Questions: 193


Areas Covered:

Health and Safety: 11%

Cognitive Development: 10%

Language Development and Communication: 10%

Physical Development: 9%

Social and Emotional Development: 10%

Community and Family Relationships: 5%

Observation, Documentation and Assessment: 3%

Professionalism: 10%

Classroom Organizational Arrangement: 12%

Creativity: 6%

Diversity in the Classroom: 4%

Inclusion of Children with Special Needs: 4%

Positive Guidance Techniques and Reinforcement: 6%


Sample Questions:

The best food sources of iron are

  1. red meats, fortified breads, and cereals
  2. milk
  3. fruits and vegetables
  4. snack foods


Grouping objects into categories according to similarities is

  1. seriation
  2. conservation
  3. classification
  4. temporal relations


Fine motor skills are developed through activities such as

  1. throwing and catching
  2. grasping and pinching
  3. running and jumping
  4. listening to directions


Competition among preschoolers should be

  1. encouraged
  2. discouraged
  3. planned
  4. taught


Props and beads can be used to promote

  1. creative play
  2. fine motor skills
  3. gross motor skills
  4. fashion appreciation

Performance Assessment:

Administration Time: 45 minutes

Number of Jobs: 5


Areas Covered:

20% Demonstrate Washing of Caregiver’s Hands

Washing hands, and time to complete Job 1.  


20% Introduction Activity

Lesson plan – introduction activity, and time to complete Job 2.  


25% Story Presentation

Lesson plan – story presentation, and time to complete Job 3.  


20% Gross Motor Stretching Activity

Lesson plan – gross motor stretching activity, and time to complete Job 4.  


15% Closure Activity

Lesson plan – closure activity, and time to complete Job 5.

Sample Job:

Demonstrate Washing of a Caregiver’s Hands

Maximum Time:   5 minutes

Participant Activity:   The participant will demonstrate the appropriate handwashing for a caregiver, using liquid soap and paper towels, at a sink area with running water.  The evaluator will grade on the proper steps of handwashing.